Hello Gophers

This is just the beginning



  • YaPL? - Yet another Programming Language?
  • The origin of The Gophermania
  • Who in the world is using Go?
  • Why should I care?
  • People want to code
  • Simple Web Server in Go
  • What else?
  • Handy stuff (links, books, videos, etc)

YaPL? - Yet another Programming Language?

  • Initially for large scale systems at Google
  • Compiled languages advantages
  • Takes the best of the most successful programming languages
  • "Complexity is multiplicative" by Rob Pike
  • Looking for a distributed by design alternative

The origin of The Gophermania

  • At Google in 2009 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson
  • Influenced by Niklaus Wirth, Pascal and Modula-2 inspired the package concept
  • Sometimes called "C for the 21st century"
  • Came from an explosion of complexity

Who in the world is using Go?

  • A better question can be, who's not using it?

Why should I care?

  • Highly used and required in most of Cloud Service Providers
  • Distributed by design
  • Simplicity
  • The Golang Tooling makes your code pretty and easy to read and contribute to

From Golang Proverbs

  • Concurrency is not parallelism - from Go Proverbs
  • Don't communicate by sharing memory, share memory by communicating - from Go Proverbs

People want to code ...

package main

import (

func main() {
	topics := map[string]string{
		"easy":     "Program Structure",
		"inspired": "Basic and Composite types",
		"what?":    "Functions vs Methods",
		"cool":     "Goroutines",
		"crazy":    "Channels",

	fmt.Printf("Let's have fun with: \n")
	for key, topic := range topics {
		fmt.Printf(" - \"%s\" which is: '%v' \n", topic, key)

package main

import (

func main() {
	var s, sep string
	for i := 1; i < len(os.Args); i++ {
		s += sep + os.Args[i]
		sep = " "

echo1 source code link

package main

import (

func main() {
	counts := make(map[string]int)
	for _, filename := range os.Args[1:] {
		data, err := ioutil.ReadFile(filename)
		if err != nil {
			fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "dup3: %v\n", err)
		for _, line := range strings.Split(string(data), "\n") {
	for line, n := range counts {
		if n > 1 {
			fmt.Printf("%d\t%s\n", n, line)

dup3 source code link

Basic and Composite types (1/3)

  • Integers
  • Float
  • Complex numbers
  • Booleans
  • Strings
  • Constants
  • Arrays
  • Slices
  • Maps
  • Structs
  • JSON
  • Text and HTML templates

Basic and Composite types (2/3)

const (
	width, height = 600, 320            // canvas size in pixels
	cells         = 100                 // number of grid cells
	xyrange       = 30.0                // axis ranges (-xyrange..+xyrange)
	xyscale       = width / 2 / xyrange // pixels per x or y unit
	zscale        = height * 0.4        // pixels per z unit
	angle         = math.Pi / 6         // angle of x, y axes (=30°)

var sin30, cos30 = math.Sin(angle), math.Cos(angle) // sin(30°), cos(30°)

Basic types (surface) source code link

Basic and Composite types (3/3)

Composite types (slices)

 letters := []string{"a", "b", "c", "d"}

 func make([]T, len, cap) []T

 var s []byte
 s = make([]byte, 5, 5)
 // s == []byte{0, 0, 0, 0, 0}

Go Slices: usage and internals

Let's code: Slices and Maps in Go

Solve the 2 following exercises in the Tour of Go

Functions vs Methods (1/2)

Geometry example


type Point struct{ X, Y float64 }


// traditional function
func Distance(p, q Point) float64 {
	return math.Hypot(q.X-p.X, q.Y-p.Y)

Functions vs Methods (2/2)


// same thing, but as a method of the Point type
func (p Point) Distance(q Point) float64 {
	return math.Hypot(q.X-p.X, q.Y-p.Y)

Let's code: Let's play with Geometry

Follow the instructions in the link:


In Go, each concurrently executing activity is called a goroutine.

When a program starts, its only goroutine is the one that calls the main function. It's called the main_goroutine.

  f()       // call f(); wait for it to return
  go f()    // create a new goroutine that calls f(); don't wait


If goroutines are the activities of a concurrent Go program, channels are the connections between them.

  • A channel is a communication mechanism that lets one goroutine send values to another goroutine.

  • A channel is a reference to the data structure created by make

  • A channel has 2 operations, send and receive, also known as communications.

  // Channels Examples

  ch := make(chan int) // ch has type 'chan int'

  ch <- x  // a send statement
  x = <-ch // a receive expression in an assignment statement

  <-ch     // a receive statement; result is discarded
  close(ch) // To close a channel

Simple Web Server in Go

func main() {
	http.HandleFunc("/", handler)
	log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe("localhost:8000", nil))

// handler echo the Path component of the requested URL.
func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "URL.Path = %q\n", r.URL.Path)

Web Server source link

What else?

  • Interfaces (as contracts, values, type assertions, etc)
  • go test
  • Reflection? yes, but be careful
  • Low level programming? yes, it's unsafe
  • You can also call C from Golang with cgo
  • and ... many other fancy use{ful|less} things

Handy Stuff


  • Obed N Muñoz Reynoso
    • Cloud Software Engineer
    • obed.n.munoz@gmail | tec | intel.com